Guangzhou South Railway Station (Chinese: 广州南站; pinyin: Guǎngzhōunán Zhàn), also known as New Guangzhou Station (Chinese: 新广州站; pinyin: Xīn Guǎngzhōu Zhàn) or Shibi Station (Chinese: 石璧站; pinyin: Shíbì Zhàn), is located in Shibi, Panyu, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It is a large modern rail terminal 17 kilometres south of central Guangzhou. For a brief time it was Asia’s largest railway station (by area) when it officially opened operations in early 2010.
The station, designed by TFP Farrells, remains the largest in Guangzhou. It is one of the four largest railway passenger transportation hubs in China. It is an interchange station and a terminus betweenGuangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, Guangzhou-Maoming Railway, Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway and Beijing-Guangzhou High Speed Railway. This station is intended to replace the existing Guangzhou Railway Station in being the dominant station in Guangzhou. Together with Guangzhou main station, Guangzhou East and Guangzhou North railway stations, they will be jointly form one of six planned National Railway Passenger Transportation Centres by the Chinese Ministry of Railways. Expected 2020 passenger delivery volume will be 80.14 million passengers.
Guangzhou South Railway Station is also a comprehensive transportation hub; passengers can interchange between high-speed long distance trains, Metro, long distance and local buses, taxi, etc. Guangzhou Metro Line 2 and Line 7 (under construction) subway lines are located at or near the bottom of station complex Metro station. The formation of a centralized transfer center will see connections with the future Guangzhou Metro Lines 18 & 20, as well as the FMetro Line 2.
- December 30, 2004 – Construction commenced.
- January 30, 2010 – Partial opening of the station with services north to Wuhan
- September 25, 2010 – Metro station opened
- December 26, 2011 – Service to Shenzhen North commences
- December 26, 2012 – Service to Beijing West commences
- December 26, 2014 – Services to Nanning East and Guiyang North commences
The total construction area of the station is 370,000 square metres. The whole building including the main station house is under a single canopy with no pillar support. It was built with a total investment of 13 billion yuan. The total station construction amounted to use of 79,000 tons of steel, about 1.7 times the amount of steel required for the Beijing National Stadium (Bird’s Nest Stadium), as well as the use of 1.5 million cubic meters of concrete.
28 tracks serve 15 platforms, including 13 island platforms and two side platform. Station building area is of approximately 168,000 square meters ( calculated only waiting room, ticket hall and other railway passenger facilities ). Station waiting room using online elevated structures, including two station house and stuff Elevated house, and set before overhead and drop-off station platforms. The total height of the whole building stations rises to more than 50 meters, with a large central arch structure across a 64-metre span. In addition, the station roof has an installed area of about 2,000 square metres of solar panels, directing power to the station.
The main structure consists of 4 layers, including three above ground and a basement level. The underground basement level contains the Guangzhou Metro and future Foshan Metro station hall, as well as to provide 1,808 parking spaces. The ground floor is mostly the arrivals hall and also the Hong Kong cross border port of entry and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport transfer hall. The second floor has a hall and a VIP waiting rooms, as well as the platform layer; arranged in order from east to west, these are used by southbound Beijing-Guangzhou services, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong trains, northbound Beijing-Guangzhou services, Guangzhou-Zhuhai intercity trains, Guangzhou-Maoming intercity trains, Guangzhou-Xian trains, Guangzhou-Nanning, and Guangzhou-Guizhou trains. Level three features an elevated passenger waiting room, of 71,722 square meters, plus an area 14,694 square meters of commercial space. The station also has space reserved for future high speed and local rail developments, such as the Guangzhou Zhaoming Intercity Railway.